The population based study pointed out the reasons behind elevated suicide risk, attempted suicides and other selfharm, which require special health care, among the youth and young adults with autism spectrum disorders. Comorbid disorders, especially non-affective psychoses, affective and anxiety disorders, explained the risk.
The study made at the University of Turku, also showed that the autistic children and youth did not have an elevated risk for accidental death. The higher risk for the premature mortality was associated with natural causes. In those cases the risk was relatively highest among females and among subjects with intellectual disability.
– This observation is in the line with earlier studies. The result is probably connected to the fact that autistic females have a higher risk for intellectual disability and for example to epilepsy than males, says Postdoctoral Researcher Elina Jokiranta-Olkoniemi from the Department of Child Psychiatry of the University of Turku.
The results were the same when other factors, such as the mother’s socio-economic status or the psychiatric disorders among the family members, were taken into consideration.
The core symptoms of the autism can make it more difficult to receive help for other psychic symptoms
The risk of self-harm on autistic youth and on young adults is about double compared to their healthy peers. Based to the results, it is important that the public health care is able to identify their psychiatric symptoms as early as possible and offer efficient care.
– The challenge is that the core symptoms of the autism, in other words the difficulties of social intercourse and communication, can make it more difficult to search for help and thus it is difficult to identify the psychiatric disorders and give efficient care, Jokiranta-Olkoniemi says.
The study was based on the national FIPS-A birth cohort, in which, with the help of different register information, the mortality and self-harm risks of autistic person born between 1987-2005 was compared to a control group. The study contained 4695 persons, which had the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders, and 18450 control persons.
The study is a part of the INVEST research flagship financed by the Academy of Finland. INVEST aims at increasing wellbeing of Finnish society during childhood, youth and early adulthood and preventing psychosocial risks compromising such development through innovative interventions. The study was also financed by American Foundation for Suicide Prevention.
Elina Jokiranta-Olkoniemi, David Gyllenberg, Dan Sucksdorff, Auli Suominen, Kim Kronström, Roshan Chudal, Andre Sourander: Risk for Premature Mortality and Intentional Self-harm in Autism Spectrum Disorders.
For more information
Postdoctoral Researcher Elina Jokiranta-Olkoniemi
The Centre for Child Psychiatry, University of Turku