INVEST Working papers

92/2024, FLUX 20/2024
More Education and Fewer Children? The Contribution of Educational Enrollment and Attainment to the Fertility Decline in Norway
Kathryn Christine Beck, Julia Hellstrand, Mikko Myrskylä

91/2024, FLUX 19/2024
The Childhood Echo: How Romantic Biographies Reflect Early Life Events and Abilities
Miika Mäki, Mikko Myrskylä, Anna Erika Hägglund, Sangita Kulathinal, Anna Rotkirch

90/2024, FLUX 18/2024
Childlessness trends at different ages by educational attainment for men and women in Finland
Marika Jalovaara, Anneli Miettinen

Changes in Resources and Active Engagements: A Longitudinal Study of Volunteering Among Older Europeans
Hans Hämäläinen, Antti O. Tanskanen, Bruno Arpino, Liili Abuladze, Aïda Solé-Auró, Mirkka Danielsbacka

88/2024, FLUX 17/2024
Declining Fertility, Human Capital Investment, and Economic Sustainability
Mikko Myrskylä, Julia Hellstrand, Sampo Lappo, Angelo Lorenti, Jessica Nisén, Ziwei Rao, Heikki Tikanmäki

87/2024, FLUX 16/2024
Growing inequality and diverging paths in early childhood education and care: Educational disparities in Europe
Sanni Välimäki, Johanna Lammi-Taskula, Merita Mesiäislehto, Johanna Närvi

Nature’s Curriculum: Genes Linked to Educational Attainment and Adult Socioeconomic Status in a Nordic Welfare State
Henrik Dobewall, Maria Vaalavuo, Petri Böckerman, Jutta Viinikainen, Outi Sirniö, Katri Kantojärvi, Jaakko Pehkonen, Olli Raitakari, Terho Lehtimäki

Stranger adoption, intrafamilial adoption and kin adoption in Finland
Hannu Lehti, Antti O. Tanskanen

News Media Framing, Institutional Trust, and Attitudes Toward the Unvaccinated. An Experimental Study of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Finland
Aki Koivula, Eetu Marttila, Ilkka Koiranen

Moralized Attitudes Toward the Unvaccinated During the Pandemic: The Impact of News Framing and Mediating Role of Emotions
Eetu Marttila, Aki Koivula

Step-grandparental investment: role of childhood co-residence with grandchild’s parent
Jenni E. Pettay, David A. Coall, Mirkka Danielsbacka, Antti O. Tanskanen

Too Early or Not Soon Enough? Examining Timing of Parenthood among Migrant Descendants
José Luis Estévez, Anna Rotkirch

Genes and Equality of Opportunity: Lessons from a highly egalitarian country
Jani Erola, Tina Baier, Hannu Lehti

Birth weight, maternal education, and NEET status in young adulthood: Evidence using sibling fixed-effects
Niko Eskelinen, Laura Salonen, Sanni Kotimäki, Matti Lindberg, Juho Härkönen

78/2023, FLUX 15/2023
Parental separation and children’s education – changes over time?
Sanna Kailaheimo-Lönnqvist, Marika Jalovaara, Mikko Myrskylä

Step-gap in attitudes toward filial responsibilities among younger and middle-aged Germans?
Hans Hämäläinen, Antti O. Tanskanen, Juha Kääriäinen, Mirkka Danielsbacka

Low and very low birthweight disadvantage in compulsory education achievement and the transition to upper secondary education in the Finnish birth cohorts of 1987 to 1997
Matti Lindberg

75/2023, FLUX 14/2023
Gendered Relationship of Childbearing with Earnings Accumulated by Midlife in Two Nordic Countries
Jessica Nisén, Anni Erlandsson, Marika Jalovaara

Maternal illness and childhood injuries in Finland
Antti O. Tanskanen, Niina Metsä-Simola, Lotta Volotinen, Mirkka Danielsbacka, Pekka Martikainen, Hanna Remes

Step-gap in Upward Support Regarding Biological Relatedness and Childhood Co-residence Duration
Hans Hämäläinen, Antti O. Tanskanen, Jenni Pettay, Mirkka Danielsbacka

The Effects of Informal Care Provision on Mental Health Across European Countries
Andreas Nolan

Better close to home? Geographical and socioeconomic constraints on gendered educational transitions at the upper secondary level
Irene Prix, Outi Sirniö, Juhani Saari

Social media contact with kin and happiness in two generations
Kristiina Tammisalo, Mirkka Danielsbacka, Antti O. Tanskanen, Bruno Arpino

Family Affair? Long-term Economic and Mental Effects of Spousal Cancer
Petri Böckerman, Mika Kortelainen, Henri Salokangas, Maria Vaalavuo

Participation in formal adult education and family life – a gendered story
Heta Pöyliö, Patricia McMullin

Differential grandparental investment when maternal grandmothers are dead vs alive
Antti O. Tanskanen, Samuli Helle, Mirkka Danielsbacka

Intergenerational social mobility of cohorts born from 1951 to 1980 in Finland
Lucia Ruggera, Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Jani Erola

65/2023, FLUX 13/2023
The contribution of partnership contexts of births to cohort fertility rates
Linus Andersson

64/2022, FLUX 12/2022
Stable marital histories predict happiness and health across educational groups
Miika Mäki, Anna Erika Hägglund, Anna Rotkirch, Sangita Kulathinal, Mikko Myrskylä

63/2022, FLUX 10/2022
Research note: comparing ideal family size with observed and forecasted completed cohort fertility in Denmark and Norway
Peter Fallesen, Lars Dommermuth, Julia Hellstrand, Emil Simonsen, Lisbeth Trille Gylling Loft, Laust Hvas Mortensen

How attendance in early childhood education and care is associated with literacy scores at the age of 15? Comparison in five Nordic countries
Markus Laaninen, Nevena Kulic, Jani Erola

Attitudes towards filial responsibility between 2001 and 2017 in Europe
Juha Kääriäinen, Mirkka Danielsbacka, Antti O. Tanskanen

60/2022, FLUX 9/2022
Educational Differences in Fertility Among Female Same-Sex Couples
Maria Ponkilainen, Elina Einiö, Marjut Pietiläinen, Mikko Myrskylä

59/2022, FLUX 11/2022
Meso-level contextual patterns of fathers’ family leave uptake in Finland
Simon N. Chapman, Sanni Kotimäki, Satu Helske

Investment by maternal grandmother buffers children against the impacts of adverse early life experiences: A causal analysis based on instrumental variable regression
Samuli Helle, Antti O. Tanskanen, David A. Coall, Gretchen Perry, Martin Daly, Mirkka Danielsbacka

Did the pandemic increase social media-induced appearance pressures? A longitudinal analysis of social media caused appearance-related pressures before and during the Covid-19 pandemic
Outi Sarpila, Aki Koivula, Erica Åberg

Physical Appearance and Elections: An Inequality Perspective
Hector Bahamonde, Outi Sarpila

55/2022, FLUX 8/2022
Educational field, economic uncertainty, and fertility decline in Finland in 2010–2019
Julia Hellstrand, Jessica Nisén, Mikko Myrskylä

54/2022, FLUX 7/2022
A register-based account of period trends in partnership prevalence, entries, and exits by educational level for men and women in Finland
Marika Jalovaara, Linus Andersson

53/2022, FLUX 6/2022
Kinship and Socioeconomic Status: Social Gradients in Frequencies of Kin Across the Life Course in Sweden
Linus Andersson, Martin Kolk

52/2022, FLUX 5/2022
A matter of time: Bateman’s principles and mating success as count and duration in contemporary Finland
Linus Andersson, Marika Jalovaara, Jan Saarela, Caroline Uggla

Gender inequality reinforced: the impact of a child’s health shock on parents’ labor market trajectories
Maria Vaalavuo, Henri Salokangas, Ossi Tahvonen

50/2022, FLUX 4/2022
Fertility recovery despite the COVID-19 pandemic in Finland?
Jessica Nisén, Marika Jalovaara, Anna Rotkirch, Mika Gissler

Building social capital in a new home country. A closer look into the predictors of bonding and bridging relationships of migrant populations at different education levels
Minna Tuominen, Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Regina Garcia-Velázquez, Anu Castaneda, Hannamaria Kuusio

The profile of “super-helpers”? Findings from the Generational – Transmissions in Finland survey
Hans Hämäläinen, Antti O. Tanskanen, Mirkka Danielsbacka

47/2022, FLUX 3/2022
Partnership dynamics and entry into parenthood: Comparison of Finnish birth cohorts 1969–2000
Leen Rahnu, Marika Jalovaara

46/2022, FLUX 2/2022
The Role of Sex Differences in Re-partnering for Sex Differences in Post-separation Fertility by Age 48: A Cohort Perspective
Linus Andersson

Prosocial engagement among older Finns: Are informal help and care associated with volunteering and charity?
Antti O. Tanskanen, Hans Hämäläinen, Mirkka Danielsbacka

Cyclic educational transitions and social inequality: Re-applications after educational rejections
Laura Heiskala, Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Outi Sirniö, Jani Erola

43/2021, FLUX 1/2021
Less is more or more is more? Union dissolution and re-partnering as an engine for fertility in a demographic forerunner context – a register based completed cohort fertility approach
Linus Andersson, Marika Jalovaara, Caroline Uggla, Jan Saarela

Generational differences in income trajectories in the Nordic welfare state
Esa Karonen, Hannu Lehti, Jani Erola, Susan Kuivalainen, Pasi Moisio

Does transition to retirement increase frequency of volunteering: Findings from the Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe
Antti O. Tanskanen, Hans Hämäläinen, Bruno Arpino, Aïda Solé-Auró, Mirkka Danielsbacka

Citizens’ candidates? Labour market experiences and radical right-wing candidates in the 2014 Swedish municipal elections
Satu Helske, Juta Kawalerowicz

Is Beauty-based Inequality Gendered? A Systematic Review of Gender Differences in Socioeconomic Outcomes of Physical Attractiveness in Labor Markets
Iida Kukkonen, Tero Pajunen, Outi Sarpila, Erica Åberg

Adolescent Social Capital – An Intergenerational Resource?
Minna Tuominen, Jenni Tikkanen

Occupation-congruent appearance: a measuremental approach
Outi Sarpila, Aki Koivula, Iida Kukkonen

From sequences to variables – Rethinking the relationship between sequences and outcomes
Satu Helske, Jouni Helske, Guilherme K. Chihaya

The peculiar patterns of age-specific at-risk-of-poverty rates: An analysis of poverty trends in 30 European countries
Ilari Ilmakunnas

Analysing the effects of healthcare payment policies in conjunction with tax-benefit policies: A microsimulation study with real-world healthcare data
Katri Aaltonen, Jussi Tervola, Pekka Heino

Digital and traditional communication with kin: Displacement or reinforcement?
Mirkka Danielsbacka, Kristiina Tammisalo, Antti O. Tanskanen

Lineage-based differences in grandparental investment according to adverse early life experiences of grandchildren
Samuli Helle, Antti O. Tanskanen, David. A. Coall, Mirkka Danielsbacka

Double Disadvantage in a Nordic Welfare State: A Demographic Analysis of the Single Parent Employment Gap in Finland, 1987–2018
Juho Härkönen, Marika Jalovaara, Eevi Lappalainen, Anneli Miettinen

Kin recognition and step-paternal investment: the effect of childhood co-residence duration
Jenni E. Pettay, Mirkka Danielsbacka, Samuli Helle, Antti O. Tanskanen

Does the language spoken at home matter for the education, wellbeing, and sense of belonging of the children of immigrants? And does the answer depend on how we analyse it?
Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Jenni Alisaari

Lone mothers and child support receipt in 21 European countries
Mia Hakovirta, Merita Jokela

Smaller net or just fewer to catch? Disentangling the causes for the varying sizes of minimum income schemes
Jussi Tervola, Merita Jokela, Joonas Ollonqvist

A systematic review of studies considering grandparenting, health, and well-being
Mirkka Danielsbacka, Lenka Křenková, Antti Tanskanen

Predicting the stability of early employment with its timing and childhood social and health-related predictors: a mixture Markov model approach
Satu Helske, Keski-Säntti Markus, Juha Kivelä, Aapo Juutinen, Antti Kääriälä, Mika Gissler, Marko Merikukka, Tea Lallukka

Does Transition to Retirement Promote Grandchild Care? Results from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe
Antti Tanskanen, Mirkka Danielsbacka, Hans Hämäläinen, Aïda Solé-Auró

Is professional regulation a highway to social immobility at top? Social closure and gendered outcomes in Italy
Lucia Ruggera, Jani Erola

Licensed professions: a new look at the association between social origins and educational attainments in Italy Working
Lucia Ruggera
Final version has been published:

Social Assistance Dynamics among Young Adults in Finland: Duration Dependence and the Role of Parental Recipiency
Ilari Ilmakunnas

Dead or alive: The interplay of  grandparental investment according to the survival status of other grandparent types
Samuli Helle, Antti O. Tanskanen, Jenni E. Pettay, Mirkka Danielsbacka

Perhetaustan yhteys oppimistuloksiin Suomessa PISA- ja rekisteriaineistojen valossa
Hannu Lehti, Markus Laaninen

Young people’s well-being and the association with social capital, i.e. social networks, trust and reciprocity
Minna Tuominen, Leena Haanpää

Inter-cohort wealth development in Finland, 1987–2016
Esa Karonen, Mikko Niemelä

Parental divorce homogamy and its effect on separation from cohabitation and marriage
Sanna Kailaheimo-Lönnqvist, Anette Fasang, Marika Jalovaara, and Emanuela Struffolino

Social Origin and Parental and Offspring Union Dissolution: Cues from Sibling Correlations
Linus Andersson

Relationship quality among younger and middle-aged siblings: the role of childhood family arrangements
Antti O. Tanskanen, Mirkka Danielsbacka, Anna Rotkirch

Beyond the Economic Gaze: Childbearing during and after Recessions in the Nordic Countries
Chiara L. Comolli, Gerda Neyer, Gunnar Andersson, Lars Dommermuth, Peter Fallesen, Marika Jalovaara, Ari Klængur Jónsson, Martin Kolk, Trude Lappegård
Final version has been published:

Parity disparity: Educational differences in Nordic fertility across parities and number of reproductive partners
Marika Jalovaara, Linus Andersson, Anneli Miettinen
Final version has been published:

Online partnering and family related outcomes in Germany
Mirkka Danielsbacka, Antti O. Tanskanen, Francesco Billari
Final version has been published:

Parental investment and adult children’s fertility intentions in Germany
Antti O. Tanskanen, Mirkka Danielsbacka

The Unequal Impact of Ill Health: Earnings, Employment, and Mental Health among Breast Cancer Survivors in Finland
Maria Vaalavuo
Final version has been published:

Necessity-Rich, Leisure-Poor: The Long-Term Relationship between Income Cohorts and Consumption through Age-Period-Cohort Analysis
Esa Karonen, Mikko Niemelä

The pattern of educational inequality – The contribution of family background on levels of education over time and across four countries
Outi Sirniö, Hannu Lehti, Michael Grätz, Kieron Barclay, Jani Erola

Socioeconomic background and gene-environment interplay in social stratification across the early life course
Jani Erola, Hannu Lehti, Tina Baier, Aleksi Karhula

Skills, parental background, and changes in educational institutions
Jani Erola, Valeria Breuker

The role of partnering and assortative mating by social origin for income inequality: The case of Finland, 1991–2014
Jani Erola, Elina Kilpi-Jakonen
Final version has been published:

Left Behind? The impact of geographical mobility on children’s educational attainment in Finland and Germany
Patricia Mcmullin, Jani Erola, Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Aleksi Karhula

Vignette data in a comparative child maintenance study
Hakovirta, Mia; Haapanen, Mari

Kotitalouksien terveysmenojen vaikutukset köyhyyteen Suomessa
Tervola, Jussi; Aaltonen, Katri; Heino, Pekka; Kajantie, Mira; Kari, Heini; Ollonqvist, Joonas